At the HarmonyOS and Huawei full-scene new product launch conference on June 2, Yu Chengdong cited the 16th-century British metaphysical poet John Donne’s representative work “No one is an island” to announce the official arrival of HarmonyOS 2 to the world. With the release of a series of new products such as the Huawei MatePadPro 12.6-inch equipped with HarmonyOS 2, the new version of the Huawei Mate 40 series, and the Huawei WATCH 3 series of smart watches, consumers finally have a clearer understanding of this two-year-old operation. The real face of the system.
The birth of Hongmeng is an urgent need of the times
The Harmony System debuted at the 2019 Huawei Developer Conference. In May before the release of HarmonyOS, Huawei was included in the US government’s list of entities, and its terminal business suffered a blow. When Huawei’s chips and operating systems were restricted, they were still in the ” The HarmonyOS in the “plan” has become an important strategy for Huawei ahead of schedule. At the same time as Hongmeng’s official release, Yu Chengdong also announced that HarmonyOS will be open source.
One year later, Hongmeng 2.0 was released, again showing the importance of distributed soft bus, distributed data management, and distributed security. In December of the same year, Huawei officially released the Beta version of Hongmeng 2.0 mobile phone developers. At the same time, Midea, Jiu Third-party home appliances such as Yangyang, Boss Appliances, and Puffin Technology are all equipped with HarmonyOS one after another.
At the end of March this year, Huawei officially released the Hongmeng Beta3.0 version. In late May, the EMUI official blog officially changed its name to HarmonyOS. In the boot screen shared by the official Weibo, a prominent Powered by HarmonyOS appeared. “Powered by Android” has become Past tense.
On June 2nd, HarmonyOS 2 was released, and the mobile phone equipped with Harmony was officially commercialized. So far, this operating system for the era of Internet of Everything has officially met with millions of consumers in a more vivid and specific image. This is a milestone event in the history of China’s science and technology. Some media commented on this: “From then on, China’s mobile Internet will be divided into Hongmeng before and after Hongmeng.”
The birth of Hongmeng came from Huawei’s extremely foresighted strategic layout and inherent sense of crisis. Huawei, which has experienced multiple supply cut-off crises, is good at preparing for the core technology. As early as 2012, it was due to “cutting supply” to the system. Huawei began to deploy its own distributed operating system. On the other hand, China is facing a “stuck neck” problem in core technologies such as systems and chips. The development of an independent operating system is also an urgent need of the times.
Another big background for the birth of Hongmeng is the acceleration of a new era of interconnection of everything and digitalization.
According to a research report by Strategy Analytics, in 2018, global smartphone shipments experienced a full-year decline for the first time, down 5% from 1.51 billion in 2017 to 1.43 billion. Smartphone shipments are declining, but the IoT field is another mirror image. According to the “Research Report on the Operation Status and Development Strategy of China’s Internet of Things Industry in 2020-2026” released by Zhiyan Consulting, the global Internet of Things devices from 2010 to 2018 The number is growing rapidly, with a compound growth rate of 20.9%. In 2018, the scale of my country’s Internet of Things connection was 2.3 billion, and it is expected that the scale of Internet of Things connection will reach 7 billion in 2022.
All kinds of data prove that smart phones will no longer be the only smart terminal for consumers, and the development of the mobile Internet industry is facing a new transitional period—that is, the Internet of Everything. In 2016, Huawei officially decided to do Hongmeng internally. “At that time, it had already made a layout for the future market and the possible direction of technology.” In a media interview, Wang Chenglu, president of Huawei’s consumer business software department, introduced it.
From Unix in the earliest command era to Windows in the personal PC era, to Android and iOS in the smart phone era, new operating systems will be born in every technological era. In 2016, although 5G was still in the laboratory stage, Huawei had already discovered the opportunity in the era of Internet of Everything at that time, and the Android system built for smartphones at that time was obviously not suitable for the era of Internet of Everything.
The fragmentation of the Android system leads to ecological fragmentation, IoT devices lack rich applications and services, and the interconnection and collaboration between different systems and devices have become complicated and inefficient. Especially the high requirements on the hardware foundation, some devices have to be released The old Android version that has been used for many years, a good example, there are still quite a lot of cars and machines that use the Android 4.0 system a few years ago…
In the face of this situation, Huawei must build a system that is truly born for the interconnection of everything by itself. Therefore, Hongmeng did not re-enact Android to re-create a wheel.
Break the “island” state, fully embrace the era of the Internet of Everything
“No one is an island” contains a theme-everyone is a part of the world. People are like this, and in this 5G era of Internet of Everything, smart devices are even more so. What Hongmeng System has to do is to break the “island” status of every user and every device, fully embrace the Internet era, and build a truly intelligent life. Therefore, at the beginning of its birth, Hongmeng put forward the concept of distributed based on the whole scene, which is oriented to all devices, can be multi-terminal circulation and multi-terminal deployment, and is a new intelligent terminal operating system.
We know that different devices have different operating systems, which leads to inconsistent connection experience between these devices. The difference in operating systems also makes the data sharing between these different system devices very complicated, and it also makes the data sharing between these devices very complicated. The application ecology is different…
In Huawei’s view, the interconnection of devices between different systems is like two humans who speak different languages communicating. What Huawei has to do is to unify these languages so that all devices can run the same system. A set of operating systems serves all IoT devices, so that they can understand and collaborate with each other before, and ultimately the consumer experience will be better.
Hongmeng, the unified language between these devices, is the most efficient and convenient key to open them to the era of the Internet of Everything. This also explains why Huawei has repeatedly emphasized that the birth of Hongmeng is not a substitute for Android.
In order to achieve a unified language across devices and allow different devices to be seamlessly interconnected and coordinated, Hongmeng system brings “software decoupling, flexible deployment”, “hardware mutual assistance, resource sharing”, around users, developers, applications, and devices. Four characteristics of “service atomization” and “one-time development, multi-terminal deployment”:
Software decoupling and flexible deployment means that a set of code can run on any smart device, allowing different devices to communicate seamlessly in the same language.
Hardware mutual assistance and resource sharing: Each device equipped with HarmonyOS is not isolated, but can be seamlessly connected to become a hyper terminal; each device can become each other’s functional modules (such as: displays, sensors, cameras, etc.), It is no longer just an independent device.
Service atomization: HarmonyOS applications can decouple the smallest particles of business functions, and make service provision more efficient through installation-free, card-based interaction; and can be changed with the scene, combined on demand, and separable between different devices according to the scene It can be combined, circulated and distributed, and different hardware capabilities can be easily invoked in the equipment combination.
One-time development, multi-terminal deployment: Application developers only need to write logic code based on HarmonyOS once, and then they can be deployed on various HarmonyOS terminals, greatly reducing development costs.
From the perspective of consumers, HarmonyOS is not Linux or Android. It is a next-generation operating system that is oriented to the era of the Internet of Everything and adapts to all-scenario intelligent Internet of Everything devices. Compared with Android and other systems, HarmonyOS is distributed It faces not only a category of mobile phones, but also operating systems for different terminal devices such as watches, smart screens, tablets, and even washing machines, rice cookers, etc. It uses distributed technology to target different hardware. The deployment system is flexible and changeable.
In the words of Wang Chenglu, President of Huawei’s Consumer Business Software Department, HarmonyOS treats isolated IoT devices as modules, such as a lamp as a display module, and a TV as a display module plus a speaker module, etc. Consumers see the connection between two devices, but in HarmonyOS they see the connection of modules.
HarmonyOS is like building blocks. It uses a lot of blocks for mobile phones, and uses fewer blocks for wearable or smaller IoT devices. Devices of all sizes can use the latest version of HarmonyOS.
Hongmeng belongs to Huawei and also belongs to the world
The rapid development of 5G has accelerated the interconnection of everything. With the help of Hongmeng, Huawei has also seized the opportunity of this new era. However, building a system is not a day’s work. Take Linux as an example. Although Linux is an open source and free operating system, organizations all over the world have invested heavily in Linux development. According to data, a Linux community distribution Fedora 9 It will cost about 10.8 billion U.S. dollars. For China, the weakness of the underlying core technology makes us pay more than ten times the effort than others. On the other hand, Hongmeng is not fighting alone. Google and Apple are also early Corresponding solutions are also proposed for the Internet of Everything, such as Google Fuchsia OS, which is a system based on the Zircon kernel. Compared with Android, hardware requirements such as memory and memory are greatly reduced, which can be regarded as System for home appliances of the Internet of Things; Apple M1 chip successfully opened up mobile devices and computers, realizing the great unification of the ecology.
For the Hongmeng system, ecology is the most critical factor in whether this new system can go on. At present, the Android and iOS systems have divided up 99.62% of the market share. Huawei is needed, and more hardware and software vendors are needed to join in to grow Hongmeng’s ecosystem together. Therefore, Hongmeng has announced open source from the beginning of its release. At last year’s Huawei Developer Conference, Yu Chengdong announced on the spot that it would source the Hongmeng operating system. The code is donated to the Open Atom Open Source Foundation, and the project is called OpenHarmony. Huawei will donate the Hongmeng source code, documentation, and development environment to the Open Atom Open Source Foundation.
At present, Midea, Smith, Panasonic, Haier, Fangtai, Supor, 360, Gree and many other companies have already connected to Hongmeng, and have successively released products equipped with the Hongmeng system, and Meizu smart homes have also begun to connect to the Hongmeng ecosystem. According to Huawei’s plan, Huawei’s own equipment will be upgraded this year. HarmonyOS is expected to exceed 200 million units. At the same time, HarmonyOS will cover more than 100 million devices from 40+ mainstream brands. The 300 million goal seems to have a long way to go, but in fact, the external environment such as industrial transformation has given us great opportunities. Huawei calls on industry partners, developers, and hardware and software manufacturers to join Hongmeng and build a Hongmeng ecosystem, just like Yu Chengdong At the press conference, he said: “In the era of the Internet of Everything, no one will be an island. We hope to prosper the Harmony Ecosystem with more partners and developers, and provide global consumers with better experiences, better products, and more good service.”